NASA begins testing E-Nose sensor prototype to sniff out COVID-19

NASA is ready to begin testing the E-Nose COVID-19 screening device prototype developed by subcontractor Variable Inc., of Chattanooga, Tenn. NASA received $3.8 million from the Department of Health and Human Services (DHHS) to enhance E-Nose, which was originally developed to measure air quality inside spacecraft.  The updated version is intended to facilitate screening for SARS-CoV-2 by "sniffing out" the signature volatile organic compounds (VOCs) in the breath of infected individuals.

Fast breast MRI ready for clinical use following shorter read times, accurate cancer detection
In high-risk women, abbreviated breast MRI protocols require shorter interpretation times while maintaining similar cancer detection rates compared to full-sequence magnetic resonance imaging, according to a recent analysis.
The implant Purdue University hopes will revolutionize joint surgery
Two professors from West Lafayette, Ind.-based Purdue University developed a shoulder implant that uses a patient's stem cells to help repair the rotator cuff.
Scientists can now diagnose depression with a blood test

Despite the fact that mental illness is quite common, it is still heavily stigmatized across cultures and sometimes even challenging to diagnose and treat.  Even if you are lucky enough to have good behavioral health care, your doctor has to combine their subjective observations with your self-reported symptoms in order to figure out what is ailing you.  In that way, mental health diagnosis is just not an exact science.  Luckily, these scientists are trying to change that by developing a blood test to diagnose depression and bipolar disorders.  This is huge, since being able to “prove” that depression is real will reduce some of the stigma attached to mental illness so that those who are struggling can get the care they need.

Closed Loop Insulin Improves Time in Range, Rates of Dysglycemia in Type 1 Diabetes
A secondary analysis of the iDCL suggests use of closed loop insulin therapy was associated with improvements in glucose control among patients with type 1 diabetes.
An Iowa High School Student Invented a Cost-Effective Way to Detect Infections in Surgical Patients
Dasia Taylor, a 17-year-old high school senior, was honored for her invention that can help identify surgical infections in underdeveloped countries.
Support Builds to Add Telehealth Options for Critical Access Hospitals

Telehealth advocates are rallying behind a bill that would allow rural and remote hospitals to use telehealth to treat patients in surrounding communities who are dealing with mental health issues.  A new bill before Congress aims to expand telehealth access for patients living with mental health concerns at rural hospitals.

Handheld gamma ray camera hunts for cancer beneath the skin

Scientists in the UK have developed an advanced handheld imaging device that could prove a powerful tool when it comes to tackling cancer, offering 3D (three dimensional) images of cancerous growths beneath the skin.  The technology uses a mix of gamma and optical imaging to measure the depth of radioactive material, with the team hoping the portable device can help plug existing gaps in healthcare where larger imaging devices are not always available.

Debate continues to boil over pandemic-related IP
The latest salvo in the debate over patents protecting COVID-19-related drugs, devices and vaccines came at the end of March from U.S. industry organizations, including Advamed, the Biotechnology Innovation Organization and the Pharmaceutical Research and Manufacturers of America.
A Nanyang Technological University (NTU in Singapore) team uses durian husks to make bandages for post-surgery

In the near future, the protective gel bandages for a patient who has undergone surgery could be composed of fully organic materials.  Currently, they are made from synthetic materials like polymethacrylate, more commonly known as acrylic.

Halifax doctor working on 'game-changer' urine test to detect cancer-causing HPV
A new test could have far-reaching implications in Canada and around the world.  A Halifax doctor is leading research to develop a urine test to detect human papillomavirus, or HPV — a common sexually transmitted infection that is the biggest cause of cervical cancer.
U.K Researchers progress toward simple skin swab test for Parkinson's Disease

The results of studies by a University of Manchester-led team suggest that it may be possible to diagnose and potentially even monitor the progression of Parkinson’s Disease (PD) by analyzing compounds present on the surface of the skin.  Using high-resolution mass spectrometry (MS) techniques to profile the complex signature of metabolites in sebum samples from more than 200 participants with and without PD, the researchers identified novel diagnostic sebum-based biomarkers for PD, and uncovered subtle, but fundamental changes as the disease progresses.

Portable X-ray device would let patients check their own bones
Presently, if someone has been involved in a potentially bone-breaking mishap, they have to be X-rayed by trained staff at a hospital.  Soon, however, it may be possible for them to perform their own X-rays, using a compact device that could be located just about anywhere.
A wearable jaundice monitor for newborns?

Researchers in Japan say they have developed the first wearable device to precisely monitor jaundice, a yellowing of the skin caused by elevated bilirubin levels in the blood that can cause severe medical conditions — even death — in newborns.

Urine test accurate alternative to invasive biopsies in prostate cancer detection, study finds

A urine test that measures cancer-specific genes for prostate cancer could be an effective alternative to invasive biopsies, according to validation study results published in the March 2021 issue of the Journal of Urology.

US researchers develop blood test to track melanoma treatment progress
Researchers at the NYU Grossman School of Medicine and Perlmutter Cancer Center in the United States have led an investigation of a test that monitors blood levels of DNA fragments released by dying tumor cells and can potentially act as an accurate early indicator of treatment success in individuals with late-stage metastatic melanoma.
Cancer breakthrough! A simple urine test will detect womb cancer by 91 per cent accuracy
To find out if the method really works, researchers used it and identified 98 out of 103 cases of women, who had been diagnosed with the disease.
Real-Time Continuous Glucose Monitoring in Infants is Promising Intervention
Infants managed using real-time Continuous Glucose Monitoring (CGM) spent longer time in the glucose concentration target range than those receiving standard of care.  Real-time continuous glucose monitoring (CGM) of preterm infants may help reduce exposure to prolonged or severe hyperglycemia and hypoglycemia, according to findings from a new study.
Feds to order 61M more at-home coronavirus tests and to build surgical glove factories

Just days after ordering 8.5 million at-home tests from Ellume, the Biden Administration announced in February that it is in talks with six (6) other at-home coronavirus test manufacturers.

'Very exciting development': Hyperspectral imaging technique roots out hidden stomach cancers
A new imaging technique based on near-infrared technology can identify potentially cancerous tumors hidden deep under protective layers of muscle tissue.

Copyright © 2021 Lori A. Carr / All rights reserved.